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RNA 5' Polyphosphatase

Includes 10X Reaction Buffer.

RNA 5' Polyphosphatase

Dephosphorylate tri- and di-phosphorylated RNA molecules while avoiding 5'-capped and mono-phosphorylated RNAs.

Key features

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  • Dephosphorylates 5´-triphosphorylated RNA, such as primary RNA transcripts, but does not dephosphorylate 5´-capped mRNA
  • Specific: Removes the γ and β phosphates from 5´-triphosphorylated and the β phosphates from diphosphorylated RNA, but will not dephosphorylate monophosphorylated or 5´-capped RNA
  • Heat Inactivated: Heat at 65 °C for 20 minutes to kill enzyme activity
  • Flexible: Use for various applications such as 5´-RNA ligation-tagging using T4 RNA Ligase, analysis of 5´-end structure of RNA, and preparation of substrate RNAs for subsequent degradation with Terminator 5´-Phosphate-Dependent Exonuclease

Size: 400 units

Item ID RP8092H
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Product information

RNA 5´ Polyphosphatase* is a Mg2+-independent phosphohydrolase discovered and characterised by Epicentre scientists. The enzyme sequentially removes the γ and β phosphates from 5´-triphosphorylated RNA (such as primary RNA transcripts):
5´ pppN—OH 3´ to ; 5´ pN—OH 3´ + 2 Pi

RNAs with a 5´-diphosphorylated end are also converted to 5´-monophosphorylated RNA by RNA 5´ Polyphosphatase:
5´ ppN—OH 3´ to ; 5´ pN—OH 3´ + Pi

RNA Polyphosphatase has no activity on RNA with a 5´ cap (e.g., 5´ m7GpppN—OH 3´), or a 5´-monophosphorylated end (5´ pN—OH 3´). However, both NTPs and dNTPs are substrates for the enzyme, yielding the corresponding NMPs and dNMPs + inorganic phosphate: (d)NTP to ; (d)NMP + 2Pi


  • Conversion of 5´-triphosphorylated RNA to 5´-monophosphorylated RNA for use in 5´-RNA ligation-tagging methods using T4 RNA Ligase.
  • Analysis of 5´-end structure of RNA.
  • Preparation of substrate RNA molecules for subsequent degradation using the Epicentre Terminator™ 5´-Phosphate-Dependent Exonuclease.

*Covered by issued and/or pending patents.

Unit Definition: One unit of RNA 5´ Polyphosphatase releases 1 nmol of inorganic phosphate from ATP in 1 hour at 37 °C under standard assay conditions.

Storage Buffer: 50% glycerol containing 0.05 M Tris-HCl (pH 7.5), 0.1 mM EDTA, 1 mM DTT, 0.1 M NaCl, and 0.1% Triton® X-100.

10X Reaction Buffer: 0.5 M HEPES-KOH (pH 7.5), 1 M NaCl, 10 mM EDTA, 1% β-mercaptoethanol, and 0.1% Triton® X-100.

Inactivation/Inhibitors: RNA 5´ Polyphosphatase is inhibited ~50% by 100 mM of inorganic phosphate (Pi) using ATP as a substrate.

Quality Control: RNA 5´ Polyphosphatase is free of detectable DNA exo- and endonuclease, and RNase activities.

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